Influence of Social Network Usage on Undergraduate Students’ Academic Performance in Benue State University, Makurdi
Gladys Ukume; Catherine Enayi Ochogwu; and Terwase Philip Agbum
Department of Curriculum and Teaching, Benue State University, Makurdi
gladvszion2@gmail.com

Abstract
This study investigated social network usage and its influence on undergraduate students’ academic performance in Benue State University, Makurdi. The use of social networking among tertiary institution students has exploded in recent years. One of the main reasons for this popularity is to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships on line. Social networking is one major tool the new media literacy has provided in the 21st century for people of all works of life. An increasing number of educators, researchers and students are making positive use of these social sites to improve literacy skills and academic performance.WhatsApp and Facebook are the two major leading social networks that most Nigerian students engage themselves. There is therefore a relationship between usage of these social networks and students’ academic performance. This study adopted ex-post facto survey design. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The sample size comprised 98 undergraduate students. Instrument for data collection were a structured Questionnaire on Students Usage on Social Networks and Academic Performance(QSUSNAP) and students current session academic results. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while Independent t—test was used in analyzing the hypotheses. Findings indicated that there was significant positive relationship between usage of both WhatsApp and Facebook and students’ academic performance. There searchers recommended that researchers should come up with best ways of integrating social networks into educational and pedagogical practices to promote literacy.

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