ISSUES IN MOTHER TONGUE (MT) LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION: IMPLICATIONS FOR GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
VERONICA O. OWAN MRS
FACULTY OF EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR
The need for mother tongue (MT) instruction has been advocated for a very long time. The problems associated with its implementation have however hindered the efforts of the propagators of the idea. These problems include paucity of autography in indigenous languages. Nigeria languages are mostly spoken. The issue of reducing these spoken
languages to written form often poses serious challenges: because oft/1e lack of standard orthographies. There should be a standard conventional orthography in the given language Since orthographies are either absent or inadequate in some language groups. it becomes a problem producing texts for instructions Another very traumatic experience in MT teaching is that of assessment. How does one assess the learner when there are no standard methods for teaching, examining and grading the learner using the mother tongue? In addition. the use of language. laboratories for frequent practice also poses a problem in the use of the mother tongue for instruction in our school system. This paper therefore examines the issue of mother tongue instruction as it affects pre-primary and early primary school children.