Literacy and Family Planning Behaviour among Women in Nigeria
Oladunjoye Patrick, Ph. D
Department of Educational Foundations
Niger Delta University
Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
The study examines the influence of literacy on family planning behaviour among Nigerian women 500 women were randomly selected from 5 urban and 5 rural settlements in Nigeria. A 20 item questionnaire was constructed by the
researcher which was validated by experts and tested for reliability using the test re—test method. The reliability co—efficient was established at 0.86. However a structured interview was also developed for the illiterate women and this was also validated and tested for reliability. The items were concerned with literacy and pregnancy control practices, family size, age of marriage and child spacing.Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. This was answered using simple percentage and mean statistics. The findings of the study show that the literate Nigeria woman has, the knowledge and uses the various contraceptives unlike the illiterate women. The literate women control pregnancies using the various family planning methods. The educated or literate households control the family size to a manageable level because they delay in marriage. T0 some extent the literate Nigerian women do not practice the required child spacing most probably to: make up for the last long period. The study recommends that the [Ministry of Health should educate the illiterate women on the benefits of pregnancy, family size control and child spacing.