LITERACY DEVELOPMENT AND MEDIA AVAILABILITY: CURRICULUM IMPLICATIONS OF A CORRELATIONAL STUDY OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDICES (HDI) IN SELECTED AFRICAN COUNTRIES
DR MOSES E. [KEANE-ABBA
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
INSTITUTE OF EDUCATION 0F CALABAR
UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR NIGERIA.
The curriculum. a societal agenda for the school has specific functions including development of literacy. numeracy and communicative ability. Literacy development facilitates functional knowledge. a component of Human Development Index (HDI).maximizes efforts to realize individual potentials and opportunities and contributes to
improved life style and enriched standard of living. Knowledge is operationalized to include educational attainment measured by literacy rate and mean years of schooling. Functional knowledge. acquisition and literacy development are products of formal education: they depend upon media availability and their utilisation strategies. Both instructional media and the mass media have enormous capacity for literacy development through properly structured curriculum. This study adopts the library research design to investigate literacy development and media availability’ in 31 randomly sampled, African countries based on 1997 data. Focus on the radio. television. the telephone and the newspaper as related to average literacy rate and life expectancy indicate positive inter-correlation among themselves and negatively between life expectancy, high population growth rate and media availability. Capacity building for media design and utilization skills. institutional support, improved teacher commitment and motivation among other curricular measures were proposed to incorporate distance learning curriculum mode.