Social Media tool for enhancing Information Literacy in the
Educational Sector: The Librarians’ View
Scbolastica C.Ukwoma
scholar. ukwoma@unn.edung.
UNN Library, Nsukka.
Tony I.Obaseki(CLN)
Systems Librarian,
Ambrose Alli University Library, Ekpoma.
Victoria N.Okafor
UNN Library, Nsukka.
Ijeoma D.Onyam
UNN Library, Nsukka.

‘The use of social networks is very popular among youths; it is therefore necessary to key in into this avenue to gain their interest and attention so as to teach them to be information literate. Information literacy entails the ability to access information, evaluate and use it effectively.Many of our users can access information from the World Wide Web, but to evaluate them with respect to their relevance is a challenge. Therefore teaching information literacy by librarians in our universities is necessary; librarians are known to be custodians of information, they know the sources and types of information resources usefulfor educational system. It is based on this fact the researchers carried out a research to know librarians level of awareness and use of these social media in teaching information literacy in Nigerian universities. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study: to determine the extent of use of social media as a medium for teaching information literacy; to ascertain the extent librarians use social media; to determine the convenience in using social media facilities for teaching and learning process; to identify the impact of using social media in teaching information literacy. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection while the population of the study consisted of librarians in Nigerian universities. The questionnaire was administered on librarians from academic libraries during the 2013 annual general meeting of the Nigerian Library Association held in Calabar. This afforded the researchers the opportunity to distribute the questionnaire to academic librarians from the 36 states and Abuja during the concurrent business meeting of the academic library section. Out of the 120 questionnaires chat were distributed to academic librarians 91 were retrieved and found usable for the study, which is 76%. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The findings of the study showed that 79.2%, 71.5%% and 61% of the respondents are highly aware that using Facebook, Googleplus and Twitter respectivelyfor teaching information literacy will effectivelyenhance the teaching. However, they use it mostly in interacting with friends and colleagues and in sending short messages announcement. The respondents indicated that the most common information literacy programme was identifying different sources of information and finding information resources from different sources with 68.1 % and 67% respectively.The respondents agreed that use of social media makes it easier to teach information literacy. Over70% of the respondents agreed that teaching information literacy using social media has impact on students. Some oft he problems of using these media for teaching information literacy
include: low telecommunication infrastructure; poor power supply; and internet connectivity. Based on the findings of this study it implies that there should be regular workshops to sensitize librarians of the relevance of using social media in teaching information literacy, others are providing broad bandwidth and regular power supply as ways to improve the use of social networks in teaching information literacy in Nigerian universities.
Literacy and Reading in Nigeria Volume 15, No. 2 2014 Keywords: Social Media, Information Literacy, Education, Librarians

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