Whole Language Strategy as Catalist to Development of Reading
Culture and Skills Among Nigerian School Children
Victoria I. lroegbu Ph.D
Institute of Education
Obafemi Awolowo University
Ile-Ife. Osun State
E-mail: ntnaviroegrbutdlvahoo. com
Research literature has shown a correlation between low literacy level and low level of national development in Nigeria. Available literature also shows that by improving the reading culture andskills ofNigerians, her level ofliteracy. economic and national development will improve.
Literature survey revealed the potential of whole language activities in this regard. This study therefore investigated the use ofwhole language teaching strategy in improving the reading culture and skills of Nigerian primary school children. The study was a descriptive and qualitative intervention research, involving fifty primary four children. Learning outcomes were evaluated using an oral reading test and a multiple choice objective test with high reliability coefficient. The study lasted for nine weeks and the results showed that whole language strategy promoted the
acquisition of reading comprehension skills more than the phonics approach. The use of whole language strategy was therefore recommended/or Nigerian primary schools.
Keywords: Phonics, wholc language, skills, whole word, sight word, look and say.