INFLUENCE OF PRE-READING STRATEGY INSTRUCTION ON ACHIEVEMENT IN READING COMPREHENSION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
DR. OLADELE JIBOKU
DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL STUDIES
THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC. ILARO.
The Study was carried out to find out to find out the relative effectiveness of Pre-Reading Strategy Instruction on reading achievement of Senior Secondary School students. it also investigated the relationships between attitude to reading and achievement in Reading Comprehension.
Ninety-six Senior Secondary School students from two secondary schools (co-educational) in Ogun, State Nigeria, constituted the subjects. A reading habit inventory, an attitude scale and a multiple-choice objective type achievement tests for pre an pre-tests between which were treatment sessions were used. the experimental subjects exposed to a pre-reading strategy skill instruction were compared without the control group. A T-test of independent groups was computed to compare the gain in pre and post-tests. the finding show that the experimental students whose were taught pre-reading strategy skills performed better than those who were not taught (control).
The results also show that the experimental students who were taught a pre-reading strategy had a positive attitude to Reading comprehension compared tot the control group. the study has implication for language teachers and school administrators. When the learners are taught how to use pre-reading skills and prior knowledge before the actual reading of a passage or material, they are likely to understand it better and this will also influence their attitude positively.