Literacy Skills Development in Arabic Learning: A Case Study of Yorubaland-South western Nigeria
Maruf Suraqat Animashaun
Lagos State University, Ojo
‘The rhythm of this paper will sound clearer when attention is drawn back to the beginning of the mission of Prophet Muhammad (SA. W.). At the age of forty years, he was raised to lead and instruct as a teacher, to guide and direct as a governor and above all to live his entire life as a role model. With divine wisdom and guidance, the prophet was prepared. equipped and trained for the task. The first revelation that came to him read; in the Name oft/1y Lord
who created'(96.1) In this wise, the learning of Arabic language rode on the back of the Islamic religion through Arab traders and Islamic scholars. When Arabic came into West Africa in the 8’” century, it reached Kanem Bornu in the l 1’“ century Hausa land’ in the early14″‘ century and Yorubaland—the South Western Nigeria in the 17th century. It is against this background, that the level of literacy in the Quranic (Arabic) schools (Madrasah) in Southwestern Nigeria (Yorubaland) is examined in this paper.